Neuro-oncology is a specialised cancer field focusing on brain and spine (backbone) tumours.
To understand brain and/or spine tumours, it is important to know these tumours can affect your central nervous system. The brain and spine are the two main parts of your central nervous system. These two must talk to each other for your body to work.
The spine is a long set of bones (vertebrae) that are linked together from the base of your brain down to your lower back (tailbone). It is also made up of muscle, tissue and ligaments.
Inside this linked set of bones, there is also a spinal cord. This cord contains many nerves that carry messages to and from the brain to the rest of the body. These messages help control how we operate our:
- feeling or sensation
- bladder and bowel function.
The spine acts to:
- provide physical support for the body
- helps with movement such as twisting and bending
- send messages from the brain to the body and back again.