Genitourinary cancers is a specialised field focusing on cancers found in the urinary system and the male reproductive system. These include prostate cancer, kidney cancer, bladder cancer, testicular cancer and cancers of the penis.
The urinary system is responsible for ridding the body of waste fluid known as urine or urea (more commonly called wee/pee). This system also makes sure certain chemicals within our bodies, such as potassium and sodium, are kept in balance.
The male reproductive system is responsible for making and carrying the male reproductive cells (sperm) and its fluid called semen. This system makes sure the male sex cells and hormones are kept in balance.
Major parts of the urinary system include:
Major organs of the male reproductive system include:
- prostate gland
Cancer happens in any of these organs when a cell grows abnormally and out of control